Department of Mineralogy

Минералогическая практика в Карелии
Минералогическая практика в Карелии

Currently, the department trains mineralogists and gemologists. Bachelor's and Master's programmes are approved by the Moscow State University. The teaching of special disciplines begins in the last year of the bachelor's programme and continues through the Master's. Both mineralogists and gemologists study mineralogy, physics of minerals, methods for studying minerals, thermochemistry and thermodynamics of minerals, technological mineralogy, financial and economic evaluation of mineral raw materials, computers in mineralogy, gemology.

Mineralogy students thoroughly study genetic mineralogy, mineralogy of lithophilic rare elements, geochronology, mineralogy of diamond deposits, space mineralogy, schinal analysis, mineralogy of hypergenesis and ecological mineralogy.

Gemologists take courses in general gemology, inclusions in minerals, diagnostics and evaluation of precious stones, deposits of precious stones, physics and gemology of diamond, synthetic analogues of precious stones, technology for processing precious stones, scientific digital photography.

Производственная практика на Алдане
Производственная практика на Алдане

An important role in the training of geologists is played by field workshops that take place in the Crimea, the Urals and Karelia, and fieldworks in expeditions, in the laboratories of the department, as well as in various scientific institutes and organizations.

The training of students is closely connected with scientific research. Beginning with the third year, all students choose their topics of scientific research, according to which the final bachelor's work and master's thesis will be prepared in the future. All researchers and teachers are united into several scientific groups.

Отбор технологических проб на карьере
Отбор технологических проб на карьере

The Group of diamond deposits is engaged in research on a wide range of fundamental issues of natural diamond formation and the formation of alkaline-ultrabasic rocks, including diamond deposits, as well as solving tasks of applied diamond prospecting and diamond-bearing capacity evaluation.

The Group of mineralogy and genetic crystallochemistry of rare elements develops several conjugate scientific directions: mineralogy and geochemistry of alkaline postmagmatic formations and granitic pegmatites; mineralogy, crystal chemistry and geochemistry of rare elements; crystal chemistry and properties of microporous minerals, their modified and synthetic analogs; mineralogy of the hypergenesis zone of ore deposits; mineralogy of post-eruptive formations on young and modern volcanoes.

Кристаллы изумруда
Кристаллы изумруда

The Group of experimental thermodynamics and thermochemistry of minerals. The main directions of experimental research are: the study of physical-chemical transformations of substances in a wide temperature range; determination of the enthalpy of formation of minerals and inorganic materials by the method of high-temperature melt calorimetry of dissolution; determination of the high-temperature heat capacity (up to 1000 K) of minerals and inorganic materials; measurement of the enthalpies of dehydration, decarbonatization, decomposition; the study of the thermodynamics of phase transformations; thermochemical study of isomorphous substitutions in minerals of variable composition; the study of the energy of order-disorder processes in the structures of minerals.

Облагороженные бриллианты
Облагороженные бриллианты

The Group of genetic mineralogy works in the following directions: general genetic mineralogy; genetic mineralogy of gold; genetic mineralogy of elements of the platinum group; genetic mineralogy of ore-bearing metasomatites; genetic mineralogy of gems. Academic work is one of the priority activities of the group. A fundamentally new training course "Genetic Mineralogy" supported by 5 educational and scientific manuals has been developed, as well as another new course "Genetic mineralogy of gold".

The Group of mineral spectroscopy is focused on the study of the real structure of minerals by the methods of electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, Raman scattering spectroscopy and X-ray tomography.

The Group of copper-porphyry deposits mineralogy is engaged in a complex mineralogical-geochemical study of copper-molybdenum-porphyry and epithermal deposits. The research is carried out in cooperation with the scientists of the Department of Geochemistry and Petrology of the Geological Faculty of Moscow State University, GEOKHI RAS, IGEM RAS, MISIS. The group takes an active part in field work in various regions of Chukotka, Karelia, and the Krasnoyarsk Kray.

The main areas of research

  • mineralogy of metasomatites (biotite-kalispat-quartz rocks, propylites, quartz-sericite rocks, argillizites);
  • mineralogy of ores (chalcopyrite, bornite, minerals of the group of faded ores, minerals of noble metals);
  • fluid inclusions in quartz, sphalerite, carbonates;
  • EPR study of impurity centers in quartz of different generations;
  • isotope dating of intrusive igneous rocks, metasomatites and ores (U / Pb dating of zircon by the methods of SHRIMP and ICP-MS-LA; Rb / Sr dating of silicate minerals; Re / Os dating of molybdenite);
  • study of stable isotopes S, O, C in sulfide minerals and carbonates.

Gemological Centre was founded in 1995. Within the programmes of additional education, specialists are trained in the fields of diamonds, colored stones, jewelry, as well as diagnostics, expertise, valuation and the market. In addition to educational programmes, other important activities of the Centre are include examination of precious stones, research in the field of gemology, development of new technologies and equipment for working with precious stones, information and consulting services.

Контакты

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Телефон: 
+7 (495) 939-49-64

Новости

Оформление медицинского отвода от прививки против коронавирусной инфекции с занесением в базу ЕМИАС возможно в прививочном пункте по адресу: Ломоносовский проспект дом 27, корпус 10 строго при предоставлении следующих медицинских документов:

Для студентов, преподавателей и сотрудников МГУ в поликлинике МНОЦ (Ленинские горы д.1, стр. 54) открыт пункт вакцинации от коронавирусной инфекции вакциной Спутник V. Записаться на вакцинацию от COVID-19 (Спутник V) можно на порталах: